New on eresources@cambridge A-Z : Encyclopedia of Arabic Language & Linguistics
The EALL covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. “Interdisciplinary in scope and representing different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible, EALL is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered.” The Encyclopedia includes a diverse range of topics from fields such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.
“Whisper: This is a turbulent airflow produced with different glottis shapes depending on its intensity (Weitzman a.o. 1976). For example, if the ligamental and cartilaginous parts of the vocal folds are moderately and widely open respectively, a whisper or turbulent airflow, more intense than breath, is initiated at the cartilaginous glottis and the supraglottic level. This phonation type induces an adduction of the ventricular folds (Catford 1964, 1968, 1977) and an anterior-posterior compression of the aryepiglottic sphincter (Weitzman a.o. 1976; Gao and Esling 2003) that appears as a closeness mainly between the arytenoids and the base of the epiglottis. Usually, whisper does not have a distinctive function in languages, being generally used, including Arabic, when speakers want to communicate in secret with their interlocutor (paralinguistic function). The Arabic voiceless pharyngeal consonant has some features of the whisper: auditively, a very similar frication noise, and a more significant compression of the aryepiglottic sphincter (Zeroual 1999; Zeroual a.o. 2004a, b).”
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