America’s Historical Newspapers : Early American Newspapers Series 1-13

The University Library is delighted to announce the acquisition of all 13 series of the Early American Newspapers collection published by Readex.

The EAN is the single most comprehensive online resource for searching and browsing early American newspapers, comprising thousands of fully searchable historical newspapers from all 50 states and Washington, D.C., searchable by series, by place of publication, by era or by decade

Access this new resource at this URL on or off campus or via the Cambridge LibGuides Databases A-Z.

As the first draft of history, American newspapers have preserved essential records and detailed accounts of the people, issues and events that shaped the nation for hundreds of years. In the 1800s, American newspapers were often published by small-town printers and reflected the interests and values of the communities they served. But as the country grew and changed, so too did its newspapers. In the 19th century, the number of titles published rose dramatically, and newspapers were transformed by an increasing emphasis on society, industry, scientific advances, investigative journalism and human-interest stories. By the early 20th century, nearly every town in the United States had its own newspaper.

An essential digital record of American history, culture and daily life

Early American newspapers is the most extensive resource of its kind. Currently featuring more than 2,000 titles from all 50 states and Washington, D.C., Early American Newspapers provides an unparalleled record of daily life in hundreds of diverse American communities. Through eyewitness reporting, editorials, legislative updates, letters, poetry, advertisements, election returns, matrimony and death notices, maps, cartoons, illustrations and more, these historical newspapers offer researchers essential local and national perspectives on American history, culture and daily life across three centuries.  Advanced capabilities allow users to search or browse by date or era, by language, by place of publication or individual title. Users can easily view, magnify, print and save digital images of whole issues, pages and individual articles.

 

More than 90 sources and superior bibliographic control

Early American Newspapers has been created through partnerships with the American Antiquarian Society, the Library of Congress, the Wisconsin Historical Society and more than 90 other institutions. This joint effort has led to the creation of a historical newspaper collection of unparalleled breadth and depth. A distinguished academic advisory board guides the title selection process.

 

Journal of American Ethnic History

New on ejournals@cambridge A-Z : Journal of American Ethnic History

From the JSTOR website for the journal:

“Journal of American Ethnic History addresses various aspects of American immigration and ethnic history, including background of emigration, ethnic and racial groups, Native Americans, immigration policies, and the processes of acculturation. Each issue contains articles, review essays and single book reviews. There are also occasional sections on “Research Comments” (short articles that furnish important information for the field, a guide to further research or other significant historical items that will stimulate discussion and inquiry) and “Teaching and Outreach” (essays which focus on innovative teaching methods or outreach efforts). The journal has also published special issues on particular responses from authors on specific topics.”

Now available to the University of Cambridge electronically from the JSTOR Complete Current Scholarship platform from volume 19 (1999) to present. Access from vol 1 (1981) to volume 18 (1998) is available from the JSTOR Arts & Sciences V platform .

Access Journal of American Ethnic History via the ejournals@cambridge A-Z or at this link.

Image credit: ‘A native American chief’ by scott1346  on Flickr – https://flic.kr/p/5KmqtG

Revue d’histoire de l’Amérique française

New on ejournals@cambridge A-Z : Revue d’histoire de l’Amérique française.

From the Erudit website for the journal:

La Revue d’histoire de l’Amérique française est consacrée à l’histoire du Québec, du Canada français et de l’Amérique française. Cette définition inclut l’étude des relations avec d’autres groupements et les travaux de nature comparative. Les pages de la revue sont également ouvertes aux réflexions méthodologiques et théoriques sur l’histoire moderne et contemporaine. La revue publie des articles, des bilans historiographiques, des notes de recherche, des notes critiques et des comptes rendus, qui contribuent au progrès de la connaissance historique. À l’occasion, par exemple à la suite de congrès ou de colloques, elle peut éditer des numéros spéciaux thématiques. La revue ne publie que des textes en français.

Now available to the University of Cambridge electronically from the Erudit platform from volume 1, 1947 to the present.

Access Revue d’histoire de l’Amérique française via the ejournals@cambridge A-Z or at this link.

Image credit: ‘Old Quebec’ by mariusz kluzniak on Flickr -https://www.flickr.com/photos/39997856@N03/9124283658/sizes/l/

European Views of the Americas: 1493 to 1750

European Views of the Americas: 1493 to 1750

is now available via the Cambridge LibGuides Databases A-Z here:

http://libguides.cam.ac.uk/go.php?c=24018434

This is an authoritative bibliography that is well-known and respected by scholars worldwide. The database contains more than 32,000 entries and is a comprehensive guide to printed records about the Americas written in Europe before 1750. It covers the history of European exploration as well as portrayals of Native American peoples.

The database is derived from the seminal reference work, European Americana: A Chronological Guide to Works Printed in Europe Relating to the Americas, 1493-1750. Commonly known as the Alden-Landis bibliography (after the co-editors John Alden and Dennis Landis), this reference work features documents produced in Europe that make some mention of the discovery and emerging awareness of the Americas. The work is arranged in chronological order across six volumes. The database is searchable by every category of information found within the printed volumes and will be an invaluable resource for researchers interested in the subject.

By Michelle Walz Eriksson – originally posted to Flickr as View of Haitian Landscape, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8689804

U.S. Declassified Documents, the new Declassified Documents Reference System

The Declassified Documents Reference System (DDRS) is now known as U.S. Declassified Documents and can be accessed here:

http://infotrac.galegroup.com/itweb/cambuni?db=USDD

U.S. Declassified Documents can also be searched via the Gale Artemis platform

Links in the eresources@cambridge A-Z and the LibGuides A-Z have been updated accordingly.

To search the U.S. Declassifed Documents resource only, click on the “Searching 10 of 10 databases” tab, untick the “Check all” tick box and tick just the “U.S. Declassified Documents Online” tick box (bottom right).   You can filter search results by document type, classification level, publication year and by other categories.  Results can be analysed using the built-in Term Frequency and Term Clusters tools.

U.S. Declassified Documents Online provides immediate access to a broad range of previously classified federal records spanning the twentieth and twenty first centuries. The collection brings together the most sensitive documents from all the presidential libraries and numerous executive agencies in a single, easily searchable database. The search and discovery interface for the collection allows researchers to locate the full text of documents and quickly filter their search results by document type, issue date, source institution, classification level, and date declassified as well as other document characteristics.

The collection is the most comprehensive compilation of declassified documents from the executive branch. The types of materials include intelligence studies, policy papers, diplomatic correspondence, cabinet meeting minutes, briefing materials, and domestic surveillance and military reports. The collection editors have actively monitored the release of formerly classified documents from presidential libraries. They have also added numerous major releases of declassified documents from the Department of State, Department of Defense, Central Intelligence Agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and other executive agencies.

Because the majority of the documents are presidential records and all of them were formerly classified, these records provide a unique, behind-the-scenes view of the highest level of American policymaking on the most sensitive issues of national security and foreign policy. Materials cover virtually every significant foreign policy development and international crisis, from the years leading up to the First World War through the end of the Cold War. Topics include the outbreak and course of the Second World War, the end of colonialism in the global south, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, U.S. relations with non-aligned states in the 1960s, U.S.-Soviet relations in the era of détente, international trade, nuclear proliferation, conflict in the Middle East, and the War on Terrorism. The collection also traces important sources on sensitive episodes within the United States such as domestic surveillance, the civil rights and anti-war movements, abuse of government power, and home-grown terrorism.

The declassification of government documents occurs slowly and unpredictably and USDDO allows researchers to readily find the latest releases. To get the most out of this collection, it is helpful to understand generally how the federal government has handled classified materials. There are three basic levels of classification for national security information: confidential, secret, and top secret. The test for assigning confidential classification is whether its unauthorized disclosure could reasonably be expected to cause damage to the national security. Secret documents are expected to have the potential to cause serious damage. Top secret documents require the highest degree of protection and may cause exceptionally grave damage to national security. Examples of exceptionally grave damage include armed hostilities against the United States or its allies; disruption of foreign relations vitally affecting the national security; the revelation of sensitive intelligence operations; and the disclosure of scientific or technological developments vital to the national security.

When archival collections held by the National Archives and Records Administration, such as the records at the presidential libraries, are opened for research, individual classified documents are removed from these collections. Entire series of federal records are also kept closed for years because they contain a high proportion of classified items. As time passes the federal government determines when restrictions on specific classified documents are no longer warranted, and it publicly releases those records. At times classified documents are partially released with portions redacted. These declassification determinations are made both as a result of the systematic review of classified documents by the agencies that created them, guided by the priorities of the federal government, and in response to public requests for mandatory declassification review. U.S. Declassified Documents Online compiles the declassified documents, released individually or in sets, that fill in the most sensitive gaps of the historical record left by the federal government.

 

Nineteenth century U.S. Newspapers

The University Library is delighted to announce members of the University now have full online access to the digital archive Nineteenth century U.S. Newspapers.

The archive can be accessed via this link or via the eresources@cambridge index and subject pages or via the LibGuides A-ZTitles in the archive will also be searchable in the ejournals@cambridge A-Z and in iDiscover shortly.

The archive content can be searched alternatively via the new Artemis Primary Sources platform either in isolation or in combination with the other digital archives available from Gale Cengage licensed to the University.  Work is in progress by ProQuest to enable searching of the  full text of the archive content via iDiscover.

The archive comprises digital facsimile images of both full pages and clipped articles for hundreds of 19th century U.S. newspapers and advanced searching capabilities. For each issue, the newspaper is captured from cover-to-cover, providing access to every article, advertisement and illustration.

As compelling as it is comprehensive,  Nineteenth century U.S. Newspapers provides access to primary source newspaper content from the 19th century, featuring full-text content and images from numerous newspapers from a range of urban and rural regions throughout the U.S. The collection encompasses the entire 19th century, with an emphasis on such topics as the American Civil War, African-American culture and history, Western migration and Antebellum-era life, among other subjects.

This full-text searchable, facsimile-image database makes experiencing historical events, daily life and 19th-century American culture as easy as clicking a mouse.   Nineteenth century U.S. Newspapers provides easy access to seemingly endless information and primary resources — the vast majority of which have never before been accessible online.

CAUCUS! CAUCUS!! CAUCUS!!!

Citizens of North Carolina, awake! An invasion of your liberties is threatened, and as public sentinels, we should be recreant to our trust, did we not promptly sound the tocsin of alarm. There are those at the seat of Government, who are seeking to load the people by chains, by corrupting their government, and bringing them under the surveillance of the Albany Regency.  An insidious and artful attempt has been made by some skulking birds of the night, owl-like beings, who dare not show their faces in open day to their fellow men, to dupe the Legislature of North Carolina – to draw it, by the mere force of a name, into that filthy vortex of political corruption, the caucusing system…

(United States Telegraph (Washington, DC) December 6, 1832, issue 290)

 

U.S. Declassified Documents, the new Declassified Documents Reference System

Further to our post on 3 December 2015, we are pleased to report that today the Declassified Documents Reference System has been launched and is now live on the Artemis platform from Gale Cengage.  The DDRS is now known as U.S. Declassified Documents and can be accessed here.

To search the U.S. Declassifed Documents resource only, click on the “Searching 10 of 10 databases” tab, untick the “Check all” tick box and tick just the “U.S. Declassified Documents Online” tick box (bottom right).

The U.S. Declassified Documents can now be cross-searched with the other archive resources on the Artemis platform.  You can filter search results by document type, classification level, publication year and by other categories.  Results can be analysed using the built-in Term Frequency and Term Clusters tools.

Government documents constitute a significant resource for researchers in almost every discipline.  Limitations on the access to this information, severely restricts our understanding of the development of domestic and foreign policies. U.S. Declassified Documents makes it possible for researchers to easily and quickly access and review selected previously classified government documents online.

This digital collection fills an important gap in post-World War II domestic and foreign policy studies and provides unique opportunities for undergraduate and graduate comprehensive research in a rich primary source.  In addition, U.S. Declassified Documents provides basic research for journalism, public policy studies, international law and security, and other disciplines.

The cartoon above represents post-war Europe, for a full explanation on the cartoon visit this link. Cartoonist: Woop, Date 27th September 1947 –